PME-1 Protects Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Pathway Activity from Protein Phosphatase 2A-Mediated Inactivation in Human Malignant Glioma.

Authors:
Puustinen P, Junttila MR, Vanhatupa S, Sablina AA, Hector ME, Teittinen K, Raheem O, Ketola K, Lin S, Kast J, Haapasalo H, Hahn WC, Westermarck J
Associated Labs:
Sablina Lab (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 17. ():.
PMID: 19293187
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activity is regulated by the antagonist function of activating kinases and inactivating protein phosphatases. Sustained ERK pathway activity is commonly observed in human malignancies; however, the mechanisms by which the pathway is protected from phosphatase-mediated inactivation in the tumor tissue remain obscure. Here, we show that methylesterase PME-1-mediated inhibition of the protein phosphatase 2A promotes basal ERK pathway activity and is required for efficient growth factor response. Mechanistically, PME-1 is shown to support ERK pathway signaling upstream of Raf, but downstream of growth factor receptors and protein kinase C. In malignant gliomas, PME-1 expression levels correlate with both ERK activity and cell proliferation in vivo. Moreover, PME-1 expression significantly correlates with disease progression in human astrocytic gliomas (n = 222). Together, these observations identify PME-1 expression as one mechanism by which ERK pathway activity is maintained in cancer cells and suggest an important functional role for PME-1 in the disease progression of human astrocytic gliomas. [Cancer Res 2009;69(7):OF1-8].

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