The DHHC protein Pfa3 affects vacuole-associated palmitoylation of the fusion factor Vac8.
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 29. 102(48):17366-71.
Vacuole biogenesis depends on specific targeting and retention of peripheral membrane proteins. At least three palmitoylated proteins are found exclusively on yeast vacuoles: the fusion factor Vac8, the kinase Yck3, and a novel adaptor protein implicated in microautophagy, Meh1. Here, we analyze the role that putative acyltransferases of the DHHC family play in their localization and function. We find that Pfa3/Ynl326c is required for efficient localization of Vac8 to vacuoles in vivo, while Yck3 or Meh1 localization is not impaired in any of the seven DHHC deletions. Vacuole-associated Vac8 appears to be palmitoylated in a pfa3 mutant, but this population is refractive to further palmitoylation on isolated vacuoles. Vacuole morphology and inheritance, which both depend on Vac8 palmitoylation, appear normal, although there is a reduction in vacuole fusion. Interestingly, Pfa3 is required for the vacuolar localization of not only an SH4 domain that is targeted by myristate/palmitate (as in Vac8) but also one that is targeted by a myristate/basic stretch (as in Src). Our data indicate that Pfa3 has an important but not exclusive function for Vac8 localization to the vacuole.