[Down-regulation of TRIP6 expression induces actin cytoskeleton rearrangements in human carcinoma cell lines]
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Mol Biol (Mosk). . 39(5):905-9.
Structure and dynamics of actin cytoskeleton play a role ih regulation of cell adhesion, spreading and migration. TRIP6 is a LIM domain-containing protein interacting with many actin-associated proteins and in addition modulating activity of certain transcription factors. To study functions of TRIP6 we inhibited its expression in A549 and A431 cells by short interfering RNAs (siRNAs). The TRIP6 knock-down lead to the increased number and length of stress fibers and to the induction of locomotive phenotype. There was observed decreased number and reorganization of focal adhesions revealed by staining for paxillin, and loss of cell to cell adhesions revealed by staining for E-cadherin. The above changes in cell morphology were accompanied by 2-fold increase in the cell motility rate assessed by the wound healing assay. Thus, down-regulation of TRIP6 in the cell lines used results in increase in the features characteristic to malignant transformation of epithelial cells. Possible mechanisms for the observed effects are discussed.