A chemical-genetic approach to studying neurotrophin signaling.
(Johns Hopkins University and School of Medicine)
Neuron. 2005 Apr 7. 46(1):13-21.
Trk tyrosine kinases are receptors for members of the neurotrophin family and are crucial for growth and survival of specific populations of neurons. Yet, the functions of neurotrophin-Trk signaling in postnatal development as well as maintenance and plasticity of the adult nervous system are less clear. We report here the generation of mice harboring Trk knockin alleles that allow for pharmacological control of Trk kinase activity. Nanomolar concentrations of either 1NMPP1 or 1NaPP1, derivatives of the general kinase inhibitor PP1, inhibit NGF and BDNF signaling in TrkA(F592A) and TrkB(F616A) neurons, respectively, while no such Trk inhibition is observed in wild-type neurons. Moreover, oral administration of 1NMPP1 leads to specific inhibition of TrkA(F592A), TrkB(F616A), and TrkC(F167A) signaling in vivo. Thus, Trk knockin mice provide valuable tools for selective, rapid, and reversible inhibition of neurotrophin signaling in vitro and in vivo.